Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Tvameva Mata Ca Pita Tvameva




Swamy Vivekananda vehemently opposed the propaganda of detractors about practices prevalent in Hindu thought. 

Myth No.1: Aryans invaded India and ruled over aborigine Dravidians

The first myth was that Aryans invaded India and ruled over the Dravidians, the only aborigines. This is one of the most distorted versions of Indian history and was used by colonial rulers to divide India on caste prejudices and rule. In the Volume III of The Complete Works of Swamy Vivekananda (Lecture from Colombo to Almora), Swamy Jee's views on the subject were elucidated. He demolishes the theory by quoting from the history of contemporary American, England and Portugese who held Africans as slaves and how they kept children born to them in slavery. Here the Swamy Jee, tries to throw the ball in their court. He asks them whether they think if it were a repeat of their history of today they are surmising as having happened in India thousands of years back. He emphatically says “ as per the truth of these theories there is not one word in our scriptures, not one, that the Aryans came from anywhere outside of India” He debunks the theory that Shudras were all  aborigines by questioning the very logic. He further debunks the theory that the Shudras were all non-Aryan as equally irrational. He explains that The Mahabharata gave the right explanation that there was only one Varna in the beginning of Satya Yuga, the Brahman and depending on occupations the society got divided itself into different caste groups. He further elaborates that at the beginning of the new Satya Yuga all these castes would become one again, the Brahman.

Myth No.2: That India (Hinduism) has myriads of Gods and worships Idols

This myth is still prevalent in contemporary India maliciously spread by pseudo secular political, religious groups and self-serving NGOs. In many of speeches Swamy Jee denounced the myth unambiguously. In his famous speech before the Parliament of Religions in Chicago, Swamy Jee emphasizes that indeed superstition was a curse but bigotry was a bigger menace. He questions why people following other religions look towards Sky while praying and why there are so many images of the Lord in their Temples of Faith.He further elaborates that by the law of association the material image calls up the mental idea and vice versa and that is the reason a Hindu uses an external symbol when he worships. “Is it wrong if a man wants to realize his divine nature through a material image?”, he asks. About the many Gods in Hinduism he says that unity in diversity is the plan of nature. While other religions have fixed dogmas to pray the Lord, Hindus recognized the fact that the "The Absolute" can be realized through the relative and all images/idols are mere pegs to hang the spiritual ideas.

Myth No. 3 Myth: India was not a country when the British arrived

Today a few monomaniacs derive devilish mirth in refusing to utter the word "Bharath Mata" and "Vande Mataram".  For these bigots, India does not exist as a single cultural entity but as a land divided by a plethora of political though processes and religious conflicts. What they forget to study is the historic cultural unity that India stood for despite being ruled by various kingdoms represently by various political or religious thoughts. British derived Satanic pleasure saying that their rule united India as one nation. Truth can not far from this flimsy theory.

C.J.H. Hayes, the American Historian elucidates this point in clearer terms. " If we are to to grasp what a nationality is, we must avoid confusing it with a state or nation. Cultural nationalism may exist with or without political nationalism. For, nationalities exist for fairly long periods without political unity and independence.

Bharat existed as a nation in 7th Century BCE as referred in the works of Panini and in 3rd Century BCE according to Kautilya's Ardh Shastra. 

Travelers like Columbus traveled East to explore India. If Bharath did not exist then why did they travel all the way risking the tempestuous Oceans? A moot question the anti-national bigots should answer. 

“India is not just geography or history. It is not only a nation, a country, a mere piece of land. It is something more: it is a metaphor, poetry, something invisible but very tangible. It is vibrating with certain energy fields which no other country can claim.” - Osho Rajneesh

Myth  4: India was always backward and poor 
There is no bigger distraction of truth than this specious argument. It was said that during the rule of Sri Krishna Devaraya pearls were being traded on the streets of Rayala Seema (now in AP). Mughals invaded India attracted by its immense wealth. Nizam V was the richest man in the world. Where did the wealth go?  In 1750 China accounted for one third of world's manufacturing output, India one fourth and the West one fifth. Much of the wealth was looted by the invaders and post independence by the greedy rulers.
"According to a fresh estimate by a trio of senior economists from the Bank of Italy. Indians' share in this is estimated at $152-181 billion, by one calculation. This is only wealth invested in shares and debt securities or held in bank deposits. It is impossible to get a handle on other wealth invested in physical assets like real estate, gold or art." Times of India report. 
Time is ripe for the world to recognize India as a major economic power and a sleeping lion. And it is happening again under a responsible Right Wing dispensation.

Myth: Caste system of India is based on birth
There is no such word as ‘Caste’ in any Indian language. The word caste comes from the Portuguese word ‘casta’ which was imposed on Indians during their first voyage to India in the 16th century. What India has is "Varna System" . It is not pre-determined into which Varna one is born. It is the Guna and the profession one undertakes that determines the Varna.  Political opportunists and religious bigots used this imposed divide on India to carry forward with their selfish motives. Hope education and literacy will help rid of this menace sooner than latter. .

Why is Hindu thought more of faith and way of life than strictly a religion with commandments and strictures? You go to a Temple on a Festival Day. You will find a group of devotees breaking coconuts, another group lighting oil lamps, one more group going round the Sanctum  a pre-determined number of times, one more group dancing in front of the Sanctum, another singing devotional music or bhajans, a few falling on all their eight organs (Shasthanga Pranamam), a few thronging the Priest for a prayer in their family names. Every one has his/her way. Unfaithfuls call it chaos. No! In that chaos, you find freedom. A freedom no other religious thought in the world gives. That is Freedom to pray. Pray as it suits your convenience. There is no scripture that says "THOU SHALT NOT". Hindu scriptures say "Thou shalt believe in that ONE GOD manifesting in crores of forms represented by the various creatures in the Universe. And thou shalt pray as thou wisheth" Yes! There are scriptural rituals with the chanting of Mantras. But that is again freedom to practice. Those who have the capacity to learn can learn and follow. It is not imposed.  
You go  to the prayer halls of other religions. You will have a code of conduct. No devotee will violate the code. Some may have dress code, some silence code, some the direction in which you pray code and some strict prohibition of fairer sex inside prayer halls code. It is not in the least objectionable. These religions have a GOD, The Supreme but they too have a representative of the God, who is materialistic, who saw the world, enjoyed or suffered from the human idiosyncrasies and based on His experiences evolved a code, which He said would make the world a happier place to live. The only draw back here, if any, will be that this code is fixed and will not change with the times, unlike Hindu thought where there is no code and faithfuls follow their wishes as per the changes that take place in the way people live or behave at various times.  
In the Godfather novel the Godfather goes to a High Priest and offers to confess his sins. The Priest asks whether he is ready to stop sinning again. "No" says the Godfather, "I can not. If I stop sinning my entire family will be eliminated."  The Priest asks him what the point is in confessing when he can not stop sinning. In the religion that the Grandfather follows, it is is said that if one confesses his sins are pardoned. How the devout take it is in their realm of thinking. Sin and confess and sin again to confess again is not what the Religion has intended to convey.
Compare this with the Hindu Philosophy. Any religion prohibits sinning as a basic tenet. But Hinduism has no place for condoning sin. It postulates the Theory of Karma. The sin committed in one birth is carried forward to the next birth. Sinning and donating to charity does not rid a human from the karmic effect of the sin.  So, as a way of life, live with thoughts and actions, say Hindu philosophers. 

There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread.”  M.K. Gandhi