Friday, August 31, 2018

PART - 1 :CAN MODI WIN

Opinion polls on the possible scenario post 2014 elections give a thin edge to the BJP led NDA, ruling out a landslide to it despite the Modi factor. I call these as "Sham Polls". Alliances are yet to be worked out by both the Congress and the BJP. On its part the BJP is batting and betting for a clear majority on its own while the Congress has doubts of its reaching the triple digit mark. Hence, it is batting for alliances with all parties (including traditional rivals at state level). Their desperation is understandable as a strong anti incumbency undercurrent is palpable from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. Hence, Congress, in its hour of crisis, is trying to consolidate or polarise (to put in their own words) votes of a particular community for themselves or their potential allies, showing the demon of communal politics that might be played by BJP under the leadership of Modi. Will this work this time around?. Let us examine in minute detail.

It is true, in India polls are won on loyalties of caste, religion, money and muscle power of the individual contestants and in many cases on local factors. Congress has cleverly exploited the "fear factor" all these decades to keep one particular section of voters under constant threat of a possible marginalisation of their communities under BJP and now, in the words of their stooge media, a highly polarising figure, Modi. A systematic campaign is unleashed on the leader and whosoever is seen joining hands or sharing dais with him,  by a media which is pliable to the ruling party, for reasons best known to them. The media campaign unleashed by the Congress on all that are close to Modi is such that even hard core BJP cadres started reacting with scepticism to the possibility of BJP under Modi really riding to power in 2014. A clinical analysis of all elections since 1952 till 2009 suggests that Congress was losing its foothold constantly across India despite projecting itself as protector of minorities, downtrodden and the hungry masses. Where did all this vote go? Let us examine it later.


First, let us see how far the opinion polls hold good in a highly diversified democracy like India and in a highly polarised atmosphere which is the own the creation of the Congress. During the 2009 elections results predicted by opinion polls and exit polls read as under.

                                                            Pre-poll surveyS

Agency                   Dates                                                                                    Result
CNN/IBN,ICDS       8Jan to 15 Sep.2009           UPA 215-235, NDA 165-185, others 125-135

Star-Nielson            5Mar to 17 Mar.2009          UPA 257(Cong.144),NDA -184, Others 96+

Star-Neilson            26Mar to 3 Apr.2009           UPA 203 9Cong155), NDA-191, Others -104+39+

Outlook-The Week   Mar-Apr 2009                    UPA 234 (Cong 144), NDA86, Others -112+

Times of India         March, 2009                       UPA 201 (Cong 146), NDA- 195, Others-147+

                                                               ExIt polls

CNN/IBN-
Dainik Bhaskar         13 May,2009                      UPA 185-205,NDa 165-185, Others 135-165

Star-Neilson                  -DO-                            UPA 199, NDA 196, Others 136

India TV-C-Voter          -DO-                            UPA 189-201, NDA 183-195, Others 105-121


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PART 2: WHY CONGRESS MIGHT LOSE HEAVILY IN 2014
 
The UPA got 262 seats, still short of a simple majority and NDA got 159 seats. No poll, Pre or exit came anywhere nearer the reality even though the pre-poll survey was held just before to the election dates and exit poll, as usual, after the polls. What the brightest minds, as Media projects them, could not predict was the undercurrent of the middle class sentiment about the robust economic growth during the five year period of UPA 1 rule, the near absence of any major scams on the lines of BOFORS and the veiled honesty of the PM. Added to all this was the disruptive politics played by the Communists and the botched up vote- for-cash scam on which the BJP could not cash in, with a hostile media playing truant and a tried and tired leader of the BJP being projected as PM, though he deserves all the respect of an honest leader who helped the BJP grow by leaps and bounds.

This time around, it is a different story. BJP has got a young,dynamic and new face as its PM candidate. He is known to be incorruptible and lauded by the world press so. His no-nonsense approach, his firm grip on administration and governance ,and his relentless work in his own state to develop it as role model  won him laurels from the middle classes and upper classes as well. His oratory skills are an added advantage. He connects to the masses directly. Despite all the calumny spread by his rivals, the fact that 31% of  votes of a particular community were polled by him in 2012 in his state stands him in good stead in the eyes of minorities too. Here, the Congress game plan of polarising minority votes en bloc might fail horribly as sections of these communities are highly educated now and their wisdom in rejecting a non-performing and corrupt administration can not be ruled out. So, votes of the middle and upper classes of these communities are certain to be divided between the BJP, Congress and few regional parties who did a good job at governance like Naveen Patnaik in Odisha and Jayalalitha in Tamilnadu.

The second factor that works totally against the UPA 2 is the slowing growth rate, absence of employment opportunities, institutionalised corruption in almost all Congress ruled states and Union Governments, the near non-corrupt image the non-Congress CM s built for themselves and the rising cost of living with no corresponding increase in real wages. Added to this the middle classes are now more restless about an infrastructure comparable to Europe, China and USA. This is partly because of their increased exposure to these countries through their own personal experience, by word of mouth or the information dissemination through internet and media. Total absence of any modernization in infrastructure despite huge investments being made by the governments is apparent and the corruption in these sectors is so monumental to escape their attention. So, it is a fait accompli that middle class, educated voters vote en masse against the ruling dispensation and with a strong leader in the opposite camp, it is anybody's guess to whom majority of  these votes go.  The third or fourth fronts are already discounted by these classes in view of their past experience and the absence of a credible,strong and single leader for these fronts adds to their disadvantage. So, the possibility of majority vote of these sections going to Modi - led BJP is near certain. There is a misnomer that middle classes are usually apathetic to voting and hence, the possibility of Modi getting substantial numbers to polling booths is remote. The strong aversion to the ruling dispensation, this time around, will see more voters from these sections queueing up in front of polling booths . The scenario is also changing fast as proved by the voting patterns I am going to give since 1952 election. 

That leaves the highly illiterate, poor and orthodox voters who form a major chunk of the total voters. It is a fact these voters are swayed easily by the sops the parties offer on the eve of elections. Added to this the caste, community and religious leaders have a vice like grip on these voters and pattern of voters of a particular religion or caste voting en bloc to a candidate as dictated by their leaders is not uncommon. It is here the Congress wants to play its cards right by entering into alliances with the regional strong leaders like KCR and Jagan in AP, Nitish in Bihar or BSP/SP or BSP+SP in UP etc., Left in West Bengal or if possible Mamata+Left there. How far this strategy pays dividends is to be analysed carefully.

Two factors work here. If there is no strong anti-incumbency wave as in 2009 against the ruling party, these alliances work well. If there is a strong incumbency and there is no strong leader in the opposition camp too, alliances work. In the present scenario it is a double blow to the Congress. They have two negatives. There is a very strong anti-incumbency against Congress in almost all states and there is a very strong leader in the opposition camp who can sway the voters easily. So, if other parties enter into alliance with the Congress there is every possibility that not only the Congress loses but they may too lose their voter base, if the strong currents in favour of Modi turn into a storm. These parties too assess their strengths and weaknesses vis-a-vis Modi and may shy away from Congress if only to retain their base in their states. They may, instead play safe to contest alone thus giving BJP an edge in polls by retaining their strong vote banks in tact. This is a possibility as these parties know well the strong anti-currents the Congress is facing today. Contesting alone, it will be a pipe dream for Congress in many states to take on a resurgent BJP under a strong united leadership. Further, each of these regional leaders nurture their individual ambition to be PM, even if for few months. This leaves bitterness in these alliances as no one leader has a pan India mass base as the Congress supremo or an Advani or a Modi.

Then the issue of flagship schemes like FSB and LAB remains. With the given limited time for elections and the many intricacies involved in the schemes and the fact that many states already have subsidized food grain schemes in their states, together make it difficult for Congress to take them to the grass roots or to fight the incumbency factor in many states, dangling these schemes as a bait. THE GENERAL RISE IN COST OF LIVING AND INCREASING ASPIRATIONS OF MASSES FOR A BETTER LIFE ADD TO THE DISCOMFITURE OF THE RULING PARTY. It should be noted that majority of big states are ruled by non-congress parties presently. Here cadre base of Congress has thinned over the years. In at least three states, Delhi, AP and Rajasthan, where Congress is ruling, people are totally disillusioned with the present governments. That leaves only Karnataka where again strategic alliances might help BJP and Maharashtra where the picture is unclear. On the other hand, the stock of BJP in the states being ruled by them is intact. They built up strong cadres over the years.

The game plan of Congress to win both sides in AP by vertically dividing the state into two parts without doing much home work boomeranged and if the present scenario is unresolved, no party would be ready to be in alliance with Congress in the state. BJP has, on the other hand almost formalised  a deal with TDP, which many in AP feel is a good homecoming for TDP as they have never pardoned CBN leaving NDA in a huff. In other states too strong regional parties are sending the right signals to the NDA and this coupled with Modi's charm will certainly help BJP.

On the whole, the scenario for BJP under Modi is quite encouraging. But, will he be able to muster enough strength of 300+ seats along with allies is a question that haunts many a BJP supporter. For this we may have to go back to the voting patterns in the country since 1952. The patterns show a clear trend. Whether, a repetition of the trend helps BJP or Modi s a big question.


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PART 3: POLLING TRENDS SINCE 1952 FOR THE GOP  VS OTHER PARTIES:

In the 1952 elections Congress polled 44.99% of the votes polled across the country and secured 364 seats out of the 489 seats. More than 40 parties contested polls. Socialist Party stood a far second and Communists and Bharatiya Janasangh with a little over 3% vote share stood third and fourth. Polity was divided across the country in India during the first election itself, with a lot of non serious parties fighting elections. Congress securing less than 50% of vote share immediately after independence is a significant factor to be reckoned when we talk about the sharp divisions in the electorate in India.

In the 1957 elections Congress repeated the feat by securing 47.77% of total votes polled and 371 seats out of 490 seats. Independents secured 19% of the vote share, a significant factor to be reckoned. Socialist party retained its vote share while Janasangh secured almost 3% more than earlier elections.

In the 1962 general elections the vote share of Congress declined to 44.72% and it saw rise of regional forces like the DMK and Akali Dal and others and significant gains were recorded by the communists and Swatantra Party while Janasangh retained its share of vote. The decline of Congress as a national force started here though subsequent swings in its fortunes were seen later for various reasons.

In the 1967 election, which saw a disastrous war in October 1962 with China, demise of Nehru and Shastri, two Prime Ministers in the interim,Congress retained power. But these elections saw Congress mauled electorally though it retained majority with 283 seats out of 520. This election saw many states elect non-congress governments. With  two factions led by Indira Gandhi and Morarji Desai slugging it out, Indira Gandhi was expelled from the party when she formed the Congress (I) and led the first minority government in 1969 supported by CPI.

But unwilling to run a minority government Indira declared mid term elections in 1971 and rode her party to power with a landslide of 352 seats against 283 in the earlier election. She took bold decisions like war on Pakistan to liberate East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. This is  significant factor to be reckoned with, as charisma of a leader could win elections for a party struggling to keep its vote share. Congress increased its vote share to 43.68% despite many regional parties entering the fray and making the elections more divisive. BJP can hope to rewrite history by securing a similar vote share riding on the incumbency factor and charisma of its leader.

But the enormous economic cost of the war and refugee influx from Bangladesh and non-cooperation by USA and other world countries led India to its worst economic doom during this phase. Added to this the Allahabad High Court set aside her election in 1975. She declared emergency, arrested all dissenting voices and extended the term of Parliament. This is when strong anti-incumbency against the Congress swept the country, similar to the one we are seeing today.

For the first time in 1977, Congress was routed totally in elections and the newly formed Janata Party, with no strong leader to represent it won 51.89% of popular vote and 345 seats. A loose conglomerate of individual leaders having personal ambitions, the Janata Party died a natural death in 1980 with internal dissensions. In 1977 Congress fought elections on pre-poll alliances and on its own secured a meagre 34.52% of votes. Besides internal dissensions the Janata Party Government of the day appointed a commission of inquiry into the lapses during Emergency and a witch hunt was unleashed on her during the period by which she gained tremendous amount of sympathy across the country. This is significant as the Congress is repeating the same mistake in case of Modi, by which his sympathy vote is adding by the day among fence-sitters and this might be the game changer for BJP. Congress did not learn lessons from history even though some old leaders leaders of those days still continue to hold senior positions in the party. The reason might be that a sustained effort is being made from within the party to see the end of the road to the party in these elections.

In 1980 when Janata Party Government fell due to internal dissensions, Indira rode a wave of sympathy against the witch hunt by opposition leaders and won a landslide in alliance with smaller parties. Congress on its own secured simple majority with 286 seats. The vote share of Congress, though,  dipped further as it fought in alliance with smaller parties.

In 1984, after assassination of Indira, in the elections Congress secured 414 seats, securing 49.14% of votes. The TDP formed by NTR was the only party that stood the storm of sympathy wave and secured 30 seats in AP becoming the main opposition in Lok Sabha. Again, it is a watershed in Indian democracy. NTR proved how a non-corrupt leader with oratory skills to reach the common man can do to withstand a storm caused by sympathy wave. This is a very significant factor we should reckon in  the 2014 elections. No vote banks were necessary when it is sympathy, clean image and efficiency. In 2014, Modi is secure on both counts. Sympathy vote because of the constant hounding by Congress and media and his own added charisma.

The 1989 elections saw a reversal of fortunes for the congress that secured 197 seats with 39.53% vote share. The period between 1989 and 1991 saw a churning in Indian politics with faction leaders of various parties fighting for PM post and a mid term election was held in 1991.

The 1991 elections were held in two phases. First before the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi in which Congress fared very poorly and post assassination when Congress swept polls but still got only 244 seats out of 545 with 35.66% vote share. This election saw the phenomenal rise of BJP which secured 120 seats with 20.04% vote share despite sympathy wave due to Rajiv's death.

Post 1991 the Congress could manage to run a minority government for full five years under the able leadership of Mr.P.V.Narasimha Rao, the first Prime Minister from Congress from non-Nehru family to rule for five years with full authority and without outside interference. Here too we have to see how an effective leader can come out of the shadows of the dynasty and still rule the nation efficiently. Many voters voting in 2014 might be knowing the 1991-96 phase and the present leadership and compare both. This will be an additional scoring point for BJP.

In 1996, the BJP led the chart with 161 seats and the Congress stood second with 140 seats. Though A.B.Vajpayee formed the government, it could not muster enough support to cobble up a stable alliance and he resigned without facing Parliament. Congress played second fiddle to Deve Gowda and allowed him top form the United Front Government.After much real politic played by the Congress the UF Government fell in 1998 and fresh elections were held. Though A.B.Vjpayee formed Government of NDA, it lasted few months and fresh elections were held  in end 1999. Congress that secured 28.80% vote share in 1996 dropped further to 25.82% in 1998.

During 1999 elections, Congress, though regaining the 28.80% vote share lost power to NDA which ruled for five years with outside support from TDP.

In 2004 BJP lost power to the Congress led UPA alliance though it retained its vote share of 1999. The first term of UPA saw India grow phenomenally due to many factors despite lack of  efficient delivery system of the government and riding on the back of middle class support it retained power in 2009.

The period from 2009 to 2013 saw the gradual decline of morality in public life with many scandals involving top leaders of ruling alliance coming out into the open. We stand now at the crossroads with the nation looking for change and Modi emerging as the undisputed leader of change mongers.

If we observe the voting percentage patterns, more number of people got voting rights since 1952 due to reduction in age to 18 years for voting. The percentage of voting substantially increased from 44.77% in 1952 to 59.7% in 2009. When strong anti incumbency was discernible it climbed up to 63%.

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PART 4: IT WILL BE  A LANDSLIDE VICTORY FOR MODI

The analysis of various elections throws up significant points.

1. The Congress vote share dropped significantly from 49% in 1957 to 28% in the recent polls. The BJP gained substantially. From a meagre 3% vote in 1952 as Jana Sangh it could climb up to 23+% in 2004 but dropped slightly to 19% in 2009. Now, its share of vote is bound to increase due to factors mentioned supra.

2. When a strong leader that can enthuse own party cadres and masses alike is leading a party, the party can win a land slide as proved in 1971 elections by Indira Gandhi or 1984 elections when NTR won against a strong wave of sympathy for congress.

3. When a strong leader is haunted and hounded by rivals and media alike the sympathy generated for the leader surpasses all other considerations, as it did to Indira Gandhi in 1980.

4. The Congress stock among voters is down constantly since 1952 and it is now dependent extensively on its regional allies. These allies might not bet on a declining party forever and might ditch it at the right moment.

Let us apply these factors in the present elections. That Modi is as good as or a better leader that can connect to masses, than Indira Gandhi need not be stressed. The very fact that he retained power in his state for three consecutive elections despite the calumny spread by rivals and  still continues to be  the most revered leader in his state speaks volumes about his leadership qualities.

Till 2012, when he was re elected as CM of Gujarat for a third time, he was not known by many voters outside his own state. But once his name started making rounds as PM candidate of BJP, a systematic campaign was unleashed by the GOP through select media houses about the 2002 riots. In their over enthusiasm to stop him in his tracks even before the declaration as PM candidate, the Congress unleashed a no holds barred mudslinging against the leader. This added to the image of Modi. The man whose name was till then not known to many voters in the country has now become a house hold name in the whole nation. The congress discomfiture at the sudden and unexpected declaration of Modi saw its leaders running for cover and they tried to pit one leader of BJP against the other. The ultimate result was BJP emerged stronger and more united now.

Congress, in its effort to play down the effect of Modi started talking Modi, singing Modi, dancing Modi and finally they forgot that they are a national party with a leader whose name they forgot! Alas! The situation was brought upon them by their own ineptness of handling a strong adversary. Once, Modi's name started doing rounds in the country regional channels picked up the opportunity and started singing praises of Modi. So now his clout with voters has doubled and is adding by the day. Not only that, the sympathy factor is adding up by the day with constant bashing of Modi by Congress leaders and leaders of other parties alike. Unable to digest his popularity Congress is rubbing salt on its own wounds by constantly hounding his close associates, that is increasing his popularity multi fold.

In a way, Modi is not doing that much to improve his own image among voters as the inept Congress leaders are doing for him. It is no surprise, therefore, if he repeats a 1980 by Indira Gandhi, a 1983 by NTR or a 1984 by Rajiv Gandhi. Whatever, it is, it is going to be a landslide victory for Modi led BJP in 2014. The writing on the wall is clear! If he wins elections to Lok Sabha once, it can be reckoned as the last rites of the Grand Old Party forever!

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Disclaimer: The opinions expressed herein are personal opinions of the blogger and not taken from any source. As per the data quoted supra, the blogger collected it from various web-sites and the authenticity of the whole or part of the data can not vouched as totally correct by the blogger.



Saturday, September 9, 2017


LIBERALS- THE HURRICANES THAT CHANGE COURSE WITH WIND 

****************************************

Liberals are like Hurricanes. They gain strength or weaken as they traverse the course. And they change course depending on the wind direction and sometimes they withdraw. But whatever be the strength the purpose of a Hurricane is to wreck havoc in the lives of people. Note! This havoc is not permanent though it is quite painful. Take Irma for example. It started as Category 5 Hurricane, weakened into Category 4 and then again got strengthened into Category 5. On the way it devastated lives of lakhs of people. But Governments do not sit quietly. They help people resettle, sometimes even better than that before devastation. Did the Hurricanes achieve their stated objective of disrobing humanity? That is a million dollar question.

Let us take the case of liberals after the unfortunate killing of Journalist (though I dislike to call her a Journalist, as Journalism as it evolved over centuries is an honest, fearless, objective profession. A Journalist never takes political sides but reports facts.) Gauri Lankesh. Soon after the news of her death started sinking in a strong and powerful Hurricane unwinded itself in the twin oceans of Media and Social Media. Helped by strong winds from the liberal activists (they turn active only when some one of their ilk dies), the Category 5 Hurricane started traversing its course disturbing the already disturbed lives of her family members and other moderates. The winds emanating from the Hurricane were ominous, poignant and filled with poisonous gasses.  

It started like "My friend Gauri was killed in the most dastardly manner." and abuses followed. Scrolling in the Media read. "Fearless Journalist Gauri was shot at in her Bangalore home. She was anti-establishment and stood firmly against Hindutva forces.

There are two points here.

1. If she were anti-establishment she should have been  so with the Right at the Centre, Left in Kerala and Centre of Right or Left in Karnataka.

2. To hide the fact, they immediately added anti-Hindtva forces. Hinduism is never dogmatic. It does not prescribe killing non-believers. These liberals have no guts to oppose those groups that preach "killing non-believers" or those who convert the gullible against Laws of the nature or nation.

Let  us go back to the Hurricane. Tweet after tweet followed. Self-appointed activist Shehla declared that RSS was behind the killings. So too, the other so-called Journalists and Activists.  The Hurricane gained speed and was about to hit coast and devastate the normal life of Indians.

The winds took a turn then. By afternoon, news started rolling in that the brother of the slain Journo told Media that she received threats from ultra-left groups. At least one Media house started digging it up. Yes! She was pro-Maoist groups and dilly-dallied with them. For whatever reason, she started hobnobbing with the Congress Government and started helping Naxalites surrender. This might have angered the ultra-left organizations. And the manner in which she was shot leaving no traces suggested clearly that the killer was adept in guerilla type tactics. (It is not to suggest that one or the other group was responsible. Police are adequately trained to do the job and I am not a self-styled activist). 

And the winds took another turn when it started to trend virally on Twitter that just a day before her death, the deceased tweeted about the differences in between themselves and the need to counter the common enemy. Though it was not clear who "themselves" were or who the "common enemy" was, speculation was rife that she was referring to differences with Comrades and the common enemy is Modi, BJP, RSS, Hindutva forces et al. Not only that some of her abusive tweets started trending on the Twitter. (I can not vouch to their veracity as in this technical age anything can be done by anybody) I reproduce two such tweets. 



The tweets are self-explanatory. The venom with which she was speaking about her adversaries shows the conduct of the deceased. Other postings were equally venomous. A woman who questioned motherhood and womanhood can not be called a "fearless activist"

A third angle was added to the twist. It came to light that Gauri had a standing dispute with her brother and split with him in 2005. It is not at all surprising. Siblings quarrel on many issues. What was shocking was the revelation that in 2005, her brother wanted to print an expose on Naxalites and that Gauri strongly objected . And it was reported in 2005 that both drew their revolvers. (sic). Then she separated and started her own tabloid, it was reported. The copy of this news also made rounds on Social Media.

As both Media and Social Media started showing the real face of the victim and the fact the Left Activists are as much suspect as Right Activists in her murder (she antagonized both) the Hurricane weakened in speed. But though weak, it has to hit the coast. But, it has to change direction. By evening the whole discourse took a U-Turn. And the activists, Communists , Congress leaders, Media, self-styled exponents of FOE turned the heat on Modi. 

Don't be surprised to learn what these losers did. They picked up a few tweets by four persons whom Modi is following, quoted their tweets and started abusing Modi for allowing TROLLS on his TL. "Block them" was the war cry. A weakened Hurricane that is directionless hits a no-man land whereas its original purpose was total devastation of India, the land of Hindus that gave shelter to all faiths without fear. 

Next day, these losers went a step ahead and started a hashtag #BlockModi. It did not trend. Instead the follower count of Modi increased, as per some tweets, by a 100 thousand. The PMO clarified later in the day that "the fact PM follows someone does not mean he endorses their views". This is true of anybody. Arvind Kejriwal, who taught India art of hatred and art of lying once tweeted.

"Modi! You are a coward and psychopath"

Later, Modi followed him. As per Liberal view, we should think Modi agreed he was  what this maniac suggested. 

All said and done, not a word was spoken by any of the fake journos or fake activists against the Karnataka Government. Though the deceased told the Government she was receiving threat letters/mails/calls (as per her brother, form Naxal groups) no protection was provided. They did not, because, their purpose of Hindu-bashing would have been obfuscated by this revelation. 

Till now, no arrests were made though as per one news 7 suspects were identified by SIT appointed by Karnataka Government. Out of these the majority belonged , again, to Left groups as per one Police Official who went on record. Some Kannada Channels went to the extent of naming one Naxalite, though they had no confirmation. (Such speculations are always unwelcome) . 

The Hurricane totally weakened by day 3 and today no activist is on Social Media talking about the gruesome murder of a woman in the heart of Pink City!!! Shocked??? No! It goes like that only. The Hurricanes move from coast to coast. The eye of the Hurricane is stable, in this case, HATED OF HINDU religion. 

Three years back I wrote two poems in Telugu. Those who know Telugu, can understand. How true it stands even today??? 


రామ యనిన నాడు రసమయ భావన,
రామ యనిన నేడు రక్షణ కరవాయె 
మతము పెరు చెప్ప మలమల మాడ్చరే,
వాణి పలుకు మాట నాదు నోట!

తాత్పర్యము (తా):
ఒకప్పుడు రామ అని పలుకగానే నరనరాల్లో భక్తి భావన కలిగేదినేడు రామ అనగానే ఏమి ముంచుకొస్తుందోనని భయంఎవరి మతము పేరు వారు చెప్పుకోవడానికి కూడా భయ పడే పరిస్థితి. (ఇదేమి సెక్యులరిజం అని

English:

Once upon a time, if we chanted the name of Rama, people used to go into a trance. Today, the very word Rama became a taboo. Verbal attacks are increasing on people who say they belong to a particular religion. (Is it the secularism we had dreamed of?)


2.
నాదు మతముయనిన నగవుల పాల్చేయ
ఇట్టి రీతి ఇంక ఎన్ని దినము
లింక వేచి చూడ లావు లేదు ప్రభూ
వాణి పలుకు మాట నాదు నోట.

తాత్పర్యము (తా):
నా మతము పేరు చెప్పుకుంటే నన్ను నవ్వుల పాలు చేస్తున్నారుఇలా ఇంకెన్ని రోజులుప్రభూవేచి చూడ నాకు శక్తి లేదురామా?

English:
I am becoming a laughing stock to say the name of my own religion. How many years can I wait like this my Creator? I am losing power to wait further.

FINAL WORD: The inimitable Digvijay Singh won the CLOWN of CIRCUS award by this retweet where the tweeple used the most derogatory word in Hindi starting with Ch...





SARVEY JANAHA SUKHINO BHAVANTHU

LET THE BELIEVER AND NON-BELIEVER FLOURISH 




Wednesday, January 18, 2017

STORIES OF PANCHATANTRA IN SIMPLE TELUGU POEMS - TELUGU WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATION



PART 6 

WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATION




For more than two and a half millennia, the Panchatantra tales have regaled children and adults alike with a moral at the end of every story. Some believe that they are as old as the Rig Veda. There is also another story about these fables. According to it, these are stories Shiva told his consort Parvati. The present series is based on the Sanskrit original.
A king, worried that his three sons are without the wisdom to live in a world of wile and guile, asks a learned man calledVishnu Sharman to teach them the ways of the world.

Since his wards are dimwits, Vishnu Sharman decides to pass on wisdom to them in the form of stories. In these stories, he makes animals speak like human beings. Panchatantra is a collection of attractively told stories about the five ways that help the human being succeed in life. Pancha means five and tantra means ways or strategies or principles. Addressed to the king's children, the stories are primarily about statecraft and are popular throughout the world

                                                                                                                               
             

विद्वत्त्वं  नृपत्वं  नैव तुल्यं कदाचन  



स्वदेशे पूज्यते राजा विद्वान् सर्वत्र पूज्यते  


Scholar and king are never comparable. King is 



worshipped in his country, but scholar is worshipped 




everywhere. 







మిత్ర లాభ గాధ ముగిసిన పిదపను
మిత్ర భేద కధను మొదలిడగను
విష్ను శర్మ యాన విష్నువు యాశీస్సు
తెలుగు తల్లి యొక్క దీవ నొండు ! 1


తాత్పర్యము



మిత్ర లాభము యనెడి కధ ముగిసిన పిదప, మిత్ర భేదము యనెడి కధను సుళువైన తెలుగు పద్యములుగా వ్రాయుటకు శ్రీ మహావిష్ణువు యాశీస్సు మరియు శ్రీ విష్ణు శర్మ యానతి యయినది..


EnglishAfter completion of the part containing the story of "Gaining of Friends" Lord Vishnu blessed and the author "Panchatantra" Sree Vishnu Sarma ordered that I proceed to translate the next part "Losing of Friends" in simple Telugu Poetry form.



మృగము రాజు వద్ద మంత్రు లిర్వురు వారు

కరట కుండు దమన కుండు యంచు
వారి నడుమ సాగు వాదమె యీ గాధ
విష్ణు శర్మ చెప్పె శిష్యు లకును!  2


తాత్పర్యము



కరటకుడు, దమనకుడు అనే ఇరువురు మంత్రులు మృగరాజు వద్ద మంత్రులుగా కొలువుండిరి. వారిరువురి నడుమ సాగే సంభాషణల సారాంశమే ఈ "మిత్ర భేద" మనెడి కధ యని విష్ణుశర్మ శిష్యులకు కధ చెప్ప సాగెను.



English: In the Court of the King of the Jungle two  Ministers by names Karataka and Damanaka were serving. The gist of the conversations that took place between the two is the story called "Mitra Bhedamu" (Loss of Friends). Thus saying, the Guru Vishnu Sarma started narrating the story.


వర్ధ మాను డనెడు వ్యాపారి యొకడు 
దక్షి ణాది భరత దేశ వాసి
యొక్క దినము నాత యిటులయా లోచించె
ధనము మీదె నడచు ధాత్రి యెల్ల! 3


తాత్పర్యము



వర్ధమానుడనే ఒక దక్షిణ భారత దేశ వణిజుడు ఒక రోజు ఈ విధముగా యాలోచించెను. "ధరణి పైన ప్రతి పనీ ధనము మీదే నడచును కదా! అందు చేతనే ధనమూల మిదం జగత్ అన్నారు పెద్దలు."  



English:  



A merchant from the South of India, by name Vardhamana started thinking thus. 'The whole world moves on money. Money, it is said, the center of the universe, they say.' 

ధనము యెంత యున్న ఘనమగు కీరితి 
కాసు బలము మిన్న కండ కంటె 
మిత్రు లగుదు రపుడు శత్రువులు నిజము
కాణి లేని వాడు గూని సమము! 4


తాత్పర్యము



ధనము ఎంత ఎక్కువగా యున్నచో కీర్తి యంత యినుమడించును. కండ బలము కంటె కూడ కాసు బలము మిన్న. ధనము యున్నపుడు శత్రువులు కూడా మితృ లగుట నిక్కము. కాణి చేతిలో లేని వాడు గూని వానితో సమానము.



English:



The more wealth one possesses the more his honor multiples. Power of wealth is superior than the power of one's muscles. When one possesses more wealth, even the enemies turn close friends. A poor man is equivalent to the physically handicapped.



వాసి వాడ దెపుడు ముసలితనము రాదు 
ఆరు విధము లుండు యాస్తి పడయ
వణిజ వృత్తి మించి వాసి గలది లేదు
ధర్మ మిదియె యంచు దలచె నతడు!  5


తాత్పర్యము



ధనము మిగుల యున్న మన శరీరములో కాంతి తగ్గదు,వృద్ధాప్యము ఎన్నటికి రాదు. డబ్బు సంపాదించే మార్గములు ఆరు. కాని వ్యాపారమును మించిన వృత్తి మరొకటి కానము. ఇదియే నా విద్యుక్త ధర్మము యని తలపోసెను. 



English:  If we possess wealth our body glows forever. Old age does not touch us. There are six ways of earning money. But, of all, business is the best profession. This is my moral duty, so thought the merchant, Vardhmana.



మంచి రోజు చూసి మధుర పయనమయ్యె

జమ కూర్చె యొకచొ సరకు లన్ని
విపణి వెదుక బోయె వాణిజ్యము కొరకు
సరకు లమ్మ గాను తరలి పోయె! 6


తాత్పర్యము  


ధర్మ శాస్త్ర రీత్యా ఒక మంచి రోజు చూసి వర్ధమానుడు తాను యమ్మ దలచిన సరకులన్ని యొకచో సమ కూర్చి, ఆ సరకులు ఎక్కడ విరివిగా యమ్ముడు పోవునో యట్టి యంగడిని వెదుక మధురా పట్టణమునకు పయన మయ్యెను.


English:



Thus thinking Vardhamana set off to the Town of Madhura to search for a good market for the goods, he sourced at his place. For this he chose an auspicious day.



అంద మైన విధము యలంక రించెను

యెద్దు బండి యొకటి  యానమునకు
బలియు వృషభ జంట బండికి గట్టెను
పయన మయ్యె వణిజ పుంగవుండు!  7


తాత్పర్యము



తన ప్రయాణమునకు సరిపడ యొక బండిని బాగుగ యలంకరించి దానికి రెండు బలిష్టమైన యెద్దుల జంటను కట్టి , వర్ధమానుడు పయనమయ్యెను.



English: 



Suitably decorating a cart needed for his journey and getting two very sturdy bullocks ready to push the cart, Vardhamana set off on his journey for trade.





యమున దరిని యొక్క యరణ్య మందున

పయన మెంతొ తనకు భార మవగ
యలసి వృషభ మొకటి యచటనె కూలగ
వృషభ మటులె వదలి విపణి కదిలె!  8


తాత్పర్యము



ఈ విధముగా ప్రయాణము చేస్తూ ఆ వర్తకుడు యమునా నది సమీపాన కల యొక యడవి గుండా పోవు సమయమున, ప్రయాణ భారము తట్టుకో లేక ఒక వృషభము యచ్చటనే కూల బడెను. ఆ వర్తకుడు కూడా ఆ యెద్దును అచటనే వదిలి తాను ముందుకు పయనమయ్యెను. 



English: Thus traveling the merchant reached a forest on the banks of River Yamuna, when one of the bullocks collapsed sick of travel fatigue. The merchant moved thither without personally caring for the sick animal.



సొమ్మసిలిన వృషభు సంజీవకుని గావ

సేవకులను విడిచి చనియె వణిజ
వారు పోయి తెలిపి వణిజునకు యిటుల
యెద్దు ప్రాణ మకట యెగిరి పోయె! 9


తాత్పర్యము



సొమ్మసిలి పడి పోయిన ఆ ఎద్దు సంజీవకునికి పరిచర్యలు చేయ కొంత మంది సేవకులను వదలి, వర్ధమానుడు ముందుకు సాగి పోయెను. కాని కొన్ని దినములకె యా సేవకులు పరుగిడి పోయి సంజీవకుడు మరణించెనని వర్తకునకు తెలిపిరి. 



English: The merchant left behind a few of his servants in the forest to look after the health of Sanjeevaka, the bull that fell sick. But in a few days the servants left the bullock there to inform the merchant that he died. 



బ్రతికి యుండె యెద్దు బలము పుంజుకొనెను

తినుచు లేత గరిక తిరుగ సాగె
దవము చెట్టు పుట్ట దనదె యయినటుల
తనివి తీర తిరిగె తొడుకు కాన! 10


తాత్పర్యము



కాని సంజీవకుడు చని పోలేదు. కొన్ని దినములకు కోలుకొని, బలము పుంజుకొని ఆ అడవి లోనీ గడ్డి, గాదము తినుచు ఆ అడవి యంతా తనదైనటుల, అచ్చటి చెట్టు, పుట్ట తనవే యైనటుల అడవి యంతా కలియ తిరుగ సాగెను. ఎచ్చటైనా విశ్రమించు ప్రదేశము కొరకు వెదకు చుండెను. 



English: The sick bulloc did not die. Instead, it recovered, gained in strength by eating the grass in the forest. It startedroaming in the forest in search of a resting place, as if the whole forest were his own and the trees in the forest were his own. 



కాన యందు యుండు కేసరి యొక్కండు

నదము తటికి బోగ నీరు తాగ
మృగము లన్ని రాగ మృగరాజు తోడుగ
శబ్ద మొకటి వినెను శ్రవణ మదర! 11


తాత్పర్యము



అదే అడవిలో నివాసముండే మృగరాజు ఒక దినమున మృగము లన్ని తోడు రాగా నీరు త్రావ నెంచి యొక సరసు యొద్దకు పోయెను. అప్పుడు చెవులు చిల్లులు పడునా యనునటుల యొక గంభీరమమైన శబ్దమును మృగరాజు వినెను. 



English:



The King of the forest lion, accompanied by other animals, went to a lake to drink water. At that time he heard a ferocious noise that almost broke his ear drums.



మంత్రి కొమరు లిటుల మనమున దలచిరి

తంత్ర మందు దిట్ట దమన కుండు
యతని కలిసి సాగు కరటక మను నక్క
పదవి కొరకు మరల పాకు లాడె! 12


తాత్పర్యము



పోయిన పదవి కొరకు మరల పాకులాడుచున్న కరటక, దమనకు లనే ఇద్దరు మంత్రి కుమారులు యచటనే దరిదాపుల నుండిరి. దమనకుడు కుతంత్రమందు  దిట్ట. కరటకుడు యతని యడుగు జాడలలో నడిచే మిత్రుడు. 



English: 



The sons of two ministers under the Lion King, who were trying all means to regain their lost positions in the kingdom were roaming nearby the lake. Damanaka was known for his trickery and Karataka was his follower and friend.


దమన కుండు బలికె కరటకుతొ యిటుల
యేమి యాయె యెరుగ మిటుల రాజు
నెమ్మి యుండు వాడు నిర్వీరు డాయెను
సేమ మెరుగు వంక చేరికగుదు!  13


తాత్పర్యము



తమ రాజు శబ్దం విని వెను తిరిగి పోవుట చూసిన దమనకుడు, కరటకుని చూసి ఇట్లు పలికెను. "మన రాజు కేమి యాయెనో ఎరుగము. ఎంతో ధైర్యవంతుడైన రాజు నేడు భయముతో వెను దిరిగి పోయెను. కారణము తెలిసుకొన వంకతో రాజుకు మరల చేరువవుదును" 



English:



Observing the Lion King backing down from drinking water with the fear of the unknown sound, Damanaka the trickster jackal said thus to Karataka. " We don't know what happened to our king. Usually very cool and courageous, today he went back without drinking water. I will try to earn his patronage again on the pretext of knowing the reason."



కొలువు లోన లేము యేల మనకు చింత

పిలువ కుండ పోవ పోవు పరువు
చీలికందు దూర్చి చేయి విరిగినట్టి
మల్లు గాధ చెబుదు యాలకించు! 14


తాత్పర్యము



అనగా దమనకుడు ఇటుల బలికెను. "రాజు కొలువు లోన లేని మనకు చింత ఏల? పిలవని పేరంటానికి పోయిన మన పరువు పోవును. చీలికలో  దూర్చి చేయి విరగ గొట్టుకున్న కోతి కధను చెప్పెద వినుము"  



English:



Hearing Damanaka, Karataka spoke thus. "  We are no more patronized by the King. Why should we worry? approaching the King without being invited, we lose our honor. I will tell you thee story of a monkey that broke its hand by inserting it in a wooden log split into two. Please hear."



కరట కుండు చెప్పె కోతి కధ నిటుల

వణిజు డొకడు తన వనము నడుమ
గుడిని యొకటి తాను కట్టనా రంభించి
శీఘ్ర గతిని పనులు సేయ గాను!  15


తాత్పర్యము



కరటకుడు కోతి కధను ఈ విధముగ చెప్ప దొడగెను. "శ్రేష్టి యొకడు తన వనము నడుమ గుడి నొకటి కట్ట నెంచి శీఘ్రముగా పనులు చేయించ నారంభించెను."



English: Karataka started telling the story of the monkey thus. " One merchant, with the Divine objective of constructing a temple in the midst of his garden, ordered the workers to complete the work as fast as possible"



కట్టు కూలి జనుల కాష్ట తషుల బిల్చె

వారు రోజు కొక్క మారు విడిచి
పనులు తినగ తిండి పట్టణ ముకు బోవ
కోతి మూక చేరి క్రీడ లాడె!  16


తాత్పర్యము



గుడిని కట్టు కూలి జనులను, చెక్క పానులను చేయ వడ్రంగి వారిని పురమాయించెను.  వారు ప్రతి రోజూ ఒక సమయమందు పనులు విడిచి భోజనము చేయు నిమిత్తము పట్టణమునకు బోవుచుండిరి. ఆ సమయమందు మర్కటముల మూక యొకటి అచ్చట చేరి ఆడుకొనుచుండెను.



English: The merchant ordered construction workers and carpenters for the work. The workers used to leave the work once daily to take food in the nearby town. During that time a group of monkeys used to collect there and play.



చూసె కోతి యొకటి చీలిన దుంగను

చీలి కందు యొక్క చిన్న బెరడు
ఉత్సు కతను మించి యుప్పలి లేదుగ
బెరడు పీక దొడగె మర్కటమ్ము!  17


తాత్పర్యము



ఆ మూక యందలి యొక కోతి, అక్కడ వడ్రంగి వారు వదిలి వేసిన ఒక చీలిన దుంగను ఆ చీలికలో వారు యుంచిన చిన్న బెరడును చూసి ఉత్సాహమును యాపుకొన లేక ఆ బెరడును యూడ బెరుక ప్రయత్నించ సాగెను. 



English: 



One monkey in the group saw a large wooden log split into two by the workers and also small wooden piece kept by them in between so that the split pieces do not again come nearer to each other. Out of over-enthusiasm to do something, the monkey sat on the log and started pulling the small wooden piece kept between the split wooden log.





బెరడు యూడు వరకు పట్టుబట్టెను కోతి

చీలికందు కాలు చిక్కి చచ్చె
తలను దూర్చ నేల తగని విషయముల
కోతి వలెనె మనకు కీడు జరుగు!  18


తాత్పర్యము



ఆ బెరడు ఊడి వచ్చే వరకు కోతి తన ప్రయత్నాన్ని ఆప లేదు. ఆ బేరడు ఊడగానే ఆ రెండు చీలికల మధ్య కోతి కాలు చిక్కుకొని మరణించింది. మనకు అనవసరమైన విషయములలో తల దూర్చిన యెడల ఆ కోతి వలెనె మనకు కూడ కీడు జరుగును.



English:



The monkey did not leave his efforts until the small piece came out Once it came out the two pieces of the log came together and leg of the monkey was caught in between and he died on the spot. If we poke our nose into matters we are not concerned, danger will await us. 



దమనకుండు విని తిమ్మని చేష్టలు 

కడుపు నించు టొకటె కాదు ఫలము 
అభిష లించ వలయు యాశ్రయమ్ము నృపుని
యంచు పెద్ద లనిరి యనుచు బలికె! 19


తాత్పర్యము



కోతి చేష్టల కధను వినిన దమనకుడు ఇటుల బలికెను. "రాజు నాశ్రయించుటకు కారణము కేవలము కడుపు నించుక్నుటొకటే ఫలితము కారాదని పెద్దలు చెప్పిరి.



English:



Hearing the story of the pranks of the monkey, Damanaka spoke thus. " The purpose of serving the King should not be to fill our stomach only, so said elders." 



హితుల కాచు కొనుట శత్రుల దునుమట 

కొరకు రాజు చెంత కేగ వలయు
యనుచు శాస్త్ర వచన మారీతి ఙ్ఞానులు 
సూత్ర పరిచి రెపుడొ శ్రద్ధ వినుము! 20


తాత్పర్యము



మన హితులను కాపాడుకొనుటకు, మన శత్రువులను సమ్హరించుటకు, రాజు నాశ్రయించ వచ్చునని శాస్త్ర కారులు ఎప్పుడో సూత్ర పరచిరి.



English: 



To protect our well-wishers and to eliminate our enemies we can approach the King. This was taught to us by our Sastras long back.




నూరు విధము లుండు నింపుకొనగ బొట్ట 

కడకు లెక్క కొచ్చు కలిమి యెలమి 
ఙ్ఞాన తృష్ణ విద్య జీవికి యనయము (మిక్కిలి)
బతుక వలయు జీవి  పికము వోలె! 21

తాత్పర్యము




ఫేలి మెతుకు తినుచు బతుకును బలిభుక్కు

వాయసమ్ము వోలె వలయె బతుక
మనము ఇపుడు లేము మంత్రి పదవు లందు 
కొందలమున యనియె కరటకుండు! 22


తాత్పర్యము



ఈ మాటలు విని నొచ్చుకొని కరటకుడు  ఇటుల బలికెను.



పొట్ట నింపుకోవడానికి నూరు మార్గాలుంటాయి. చివరకు లెక్కలోకొచ్చేది మన దగ్గరున్న సొమ్ము, మన సుఖమే. మనిషికి ఙ్ఞాన తృష్ణ మిక్కిలి ఎక్కుడు. బ్రతికితే నెమలి వలె బ్రతుక వలె. ఎంగిలి మెతుకులు తిని బ్రతికే వాయసము మాదిరి బ్రతుక వలయునా? అయినా అటుల బ్రతుకుట కయినా మనము మంత్రి పదవులందు లేము కదా? 



English: 



To feed one's stomach there are hundred ways. But, in the ultimate analysis what is seen is our wealth and our happiness. Man is after earning more knowledge. If we live, we should live like a peacock. Should we live like the crow that lives on left overs? Even to live the life of a crow, we are not in the post of minister. 






పాలకులతొ చెలిమి పాముతొ చెలగాట

అడగ కుండ చేయు ఆలోచనలు
మానమునకు చేటు మోసపూరితముయు
మూర్ఖ తొదిలి మంచి మాట వినుము! 23


తాత్పర్యము



"పాలకులతో చెలిమి పాములతో చెలగాట వంటిది.వేరే వారిని సంప్రదించకుండా చేసెడి ఇట్టి ఆలోచనలు మోస పూరితంగాను, మన మాన మర్యాదలకు భంగం కలిగించేవిగాను ఉంటాయి. నీ మూర్ఖత్వాన్ని వదిలి ఇకనైనా నా మాట వినుము" యని కరటకుడు హితబోధ చేసెను.   



English:  Karataka tried to reason with Damanaka thus. "Nearness to rulers is like playing with poisonous snakes.  Taking decisions sans consultation with others are deceitful and turn out to be fatal to personal honor. So, leave forget foolish thinking and hear my words."






కాదు కాదు కాదు కాదనె దమనుడు

శ్రద్ధ తోడ నృపుని సేవ సేయ 
అనతి కాల మందె ఆశ్రయము దొరుకు 
అటుల కాని వాడు అణగి పోవు!  24


తాత్పర్యము



దమనకుడు కరటకుని మాటలను ససేమిరా యని పెడచెవిన బెట్టెను. ఆతడనెను."శ్రద్దతో రాజుల సేవ చేసినచో అతి త్వరలోనే రాజాశ్రయము దొరకును. అటుల చేయని వాడు ఎందుకూ కొరగాని వాడగును."   



English: 



Damanaka refused to hear the words of Karataka. He said," If we serve kings with patience, soon we will find a place in their courts. Otherwise we will be doomed"




నృపుని మనసు యెరిగి నడచు కొనువాడు

అలుక యెపుడు యుండొ అనుగు నెపుడొ
యెరిగి మసలు వాడు యెదుగును ప్రభుతందు
ధరణి పతుల సేవ తప్పు కాదు! 25


తాత్పర్యము



దమనకుడు మరల ఇటుల బలికెను. "రాజు యెపుడు అలుక చెందునో, ఎపుడు ప్రసన్నుడుగా యుండునో యెరిగి మసలుకొనే భృత్యుడు ప్రభుత్వములో ఉన్నత పదవులు అందుకొనును. నృపుల సేవ చేయడము తప్పు కాదు."



English:



Damanaka further said thus. " The courtier who treads carefully knowing the mind of the king like knowing the time he is displeased and when he is happy, will rise to higher positions in the authority. It is never wrong to serve kings."




దమనకుండు బలుక ధీశాలి బలుకులు 

కరటకుండు యడిగె కార్య మేమి 
దరికి చేర ఱేని దారి యేమి దెలుపు 
యనగ దమనకుండు యిటుల బలికె! 26


తాత్పర్యము



కరటకుడు దమనకుని బుద్ధి కుశలతకు సంతసించి ఇటుల యడిగెను. "ఇపుడు మనము చేయవలసిన కార్యము ఎట్టిది.  ఏ మిష మీద మనము రాజు దరి చేరగల వారమూ?" యనగా దమనకుడు ఇటుల బలికెను. 



English: 



Hearing the wise words of Damanaka, karaTaka asked him. " Now, what is our next step?  On what alibi shall we approach the king?" (Now that we are no longer in his good books)." Damanaka replied thus.




భయము తోడ రాజు పరుగున వచ్చెను

అరయ కారణమ్ము యంచ కేగి
పారి వచ్చుటందు పరమార్ధ మడిగెద
దౌత్య మందు యుండు దారు లారు! 29

ఱేని యండ పొంద రాచ మార్గమిదియె 
యనగ కరటకుండు యిటుల యడిగె  
స్వామి భయ పడెనన సాక్ష్య మేమి కలదు  
యనగ దమనకుండు యిటుల బలికె! 30


తాత్పర్యము



"రాజు మిగుల భయముతో నీరు త్రావకుండ కొలను నుంచి పరుగిడి తిరిగి వచ్చెను. కారణ మెరిగే మిషతో యాతని చెంతకు చేరి, అలా భయంతో పరుగెట్టి వచ్చుటకు కారణము తెలిసికొనెదను. దౌత్యము నెరపడానికి ఆరు సూత్రాలను పెద్దలు చెప్పి యున్నారు. రాజు దరి చేరడానికి యిదియే ప్రస్తుతము మనకు అందుబాటులో ఉన్న మారగము." అనగా, కరటకుడు "రాజు భయపడెననుటకు మన వద్ద సాక్ష్యము యేమున్నది?" యని సందేహము వెలిబుచ్చెను. అంత దమనకుడు ఇటుల బలికెను.



English:



"The king rushed back from the lane without drinking water in fear. On the pretext of knowing the reason for his fear, I will approach him. Elders say there are six methods in diplomacy. For the present this is the only way we can approach him." "But what is the proof that the king was afraid" Karataka expressed a doubt and Damanaka replied thus.




భంగిమందు మార్పు పరిభాష పఱపుయు 

వాచ్య రీతి మరియు చూచు తీరు 
మోము నందు మారు ముఖ కవళికలును 
మనసు పడెడి ఘోష మనకు దెలుపు!  31


తాత్పర్యము

సీసము 




దమనకుడు దెలిపె తనకు యెల్ల యెరుక

     సేవ ధర్మము సేవ సేయు టెటుల



యనగ కరటకుడు యగునీకు శుభమనె 

     దమనకుడు చనియె ధవుని కడకు 



మృగరాజు గురుతించి మంత్రి తనయుడంచు 

     పింగళకుడు యతని బిలిచె బ్రేమ 



ముందు కాళ్ళను వంగి మొక్కె దమనకుడు 

     సేమ మడిగి రాజు శంక దీర్చె 



ఆటవెలది




చాల దినము లాయ చూడక నిను నేను

యనియె మృగపు ఱేడు యెంతొ బ్రీతి 
యనగ దమనకుడు యతి వినయమ్ముగ
యనియె రాజ వచ్చి యేమి చేతు!   32
  
తాత్పర్యము


దమనకుడు తనకు సేవా ధర్మము గూర్చి యంతయు తెలుసునని ధైర్యము చెప్పిన పిమ్మట, కరటకుడు యతనికి శుభమగునని సంతసమున రాజు కడకు పంపెను. దమనకుడు రాజు కడకు పోగా యతని మంత్రి కొమరుడని గుర్తించిన రాజు దగ్గరకు రమ్మని ప్రేమతో పిలిచెను. దమనకుడు మృగరాజు పింగళకుని కాళ్ళకు మ్రొక్కగా, రాజు యతని క్షేమ సమాచారములడిగి దమనకుని మనస్సును సమాధాన పరిచెను. మరియు, "ఏమి దమనకా! నిన్ను చూచి చాలా రోజులైనది" యని ప్రేమంబున యడిగెను. దమనుకుడు అతి వినయముగా, "రాజా! చేయు కార్యము ఏమియు లేనపుడు నేను వచ్చి ఏమి చేయ గలవాడను" యని పలికెను.



English: 



Damanaka confidently told Karataka that he knew well about service to the kings and Karataka wished him well and sent him to the King Pingalaka.  When Damanaka approached, the king recognized him as the son of his minister and invited him with affection. He cleared any apprehension in the mind of Damanaka asking him about his well being. Further he affectionately asked him, "Damanaka! I have not seen you for many days, why is it so?" Damanaka who fell on the feet of king in reverence earlier said, "Oh! King! When there is no work to do, what is the use of coming and going?'





మత్తకోకిల 


కార్య మొకటి లేక కొల్వుకు రాజ రాగను యుక్తమే 
పారదృశ్యులు బల్కె కాద నృపాల యల్పులు యున్నతుల్ 
పారమార్ధపు చింతతో ప్రభు పొంత చేరుట భావ్యమౌ
కోరి వచ్చితి దెల్పరే తము ఖిన్ను లౌటది యేలనో! 33


తాత్పర్యము



దమనకుడు రాజుతో మరల నిటు బలికెను. "రాజా! చేయు పని ఏమియు లేనపుడు ఊరికే కొలువుకు వచ్చి పోవుట ధర్మమా?  ప్రభువును దర్శించవలెనన్న ఉన్నత స్థానములలోఉన్న వారు కాని, అల్పులు కాని పరమార్ధ చింత కల వారై యుండాలని పెద్దలు చెప్పిరి కదా? నేను ప్రస్తుతము వచ్చుటకు కారణము తమరు ఖిన్నులై యండుటకు కారణమేమై యుండునో తెలీకొనుటయే! " 



English:



Damanaka aid to the king. " My Lord! hen there is no work, it i not advisable to come to the Court, so said elders.  It is said that whether it is people in good positions or minions should approach the King with a Divine purpose. Reason I came to you is to know why you were sad today." 






ఆటవెలది

  
కార్య సాధకుడవొ కొరగాని వాడవొ 
మంత్రి కొమరు డెపుడు మాకు సఖుడె 
యనియె పింగళకుడు యేమి చెబుదు 
క్షేమ ముండ లేను కాన లోన!  34


తాత్పర్యము



మత్తకోకిల 


క్రూర జంతువు యేదొ యొక్కటి ఘోరమౌ ధ్వని సేయగా
దూర జాలని కాన లందున ధైర్య మెట్టుల యొచ్చెనో  
యర్వగా యిటు రాజునేనె భయాన పర్గిడి వచ్చితే  
క్రూరుడౌ యెదొ జంతువొక్కటి కానలం జొచ్చెనో! 35




ఆటవెలది


పారి వస్తి నేను భయముతొ వెనుకకు
వాసి తోచు నాకు వనము వదల
యనగ దమనకుండు యిటులను బలికెను 
మ్రోత లెపుడు మనల మోస పరచు! 36


తాత్పర్యము



రాజు పింగళకుడు ఇటుల బలికెను. "దమనకా! నీవు కార్య సాధకుడవో లేక ఎందుకూ పనికి రాని వాడవో నాకు తెలియదు. కాని మత్రి కొడుకుగా నువ్వు మాకు ఎప్పుడూ ప్రీతి పాత్రుడవే. ఏమి చెప్పమందువు? ఈ అడవిలో నాకు భద్రత కరవైనది.ఏదో ఒక క్రూర జంతువు ఈ అడవిలోకి వచ్చినది. పెద్ద శబ్దము చేయగా నేనే పరుగిడి వచ్చితిని. చిన్న జంతువు కూడ చొరబడలేని ఈ అడవిలోకి ఇంత భయంకరమైన జంతువు ఎలా వచ్చినదో. ఆ ధ్వని వినిన నేను పారిపోయి వచ్చితిని. ఆలోచించగా ఈ అడవి వదలి వెళ్ళుట మించి నాకు మార్గము తోచుట లేదు" అనగా దమనకుడు " రాజా! ఒక్కో పర్యాయము ధ్వనులు మనలను మోసపరచ వచ్చును.   



English: Hearing Damanaka'a words Pingalaka, the king said, " Damanaka! I am unaware whether you are a go-getter or goo-for-nothing guy. Today I heard a big roar from a very huge animal and ran back without partaking of water. I wonder how such a ferocious animal entered this forest where even a small animal can not enter.  I ran away hearing his roar. On thinking deep, I feel it is advisable to leave this forest" Damanaka repplied, "Oh! King! Sometimes noises deceive us" 



ఆటవెలది

జంబుకమ్ము యొకటి శబ్ద భయము నుండి
యెటుల కాచు కొనెనొ యెనుగ చెబుదు
రాజ వినుము యనగ రాజు చెప్పుమనియె
కధను ఇటుల దమనకుండు చెప్పె! 37


తాత్పర్యము



ఆటవెలది


అడవి తిరుగు చుండు ఆకలి గొని నక్క

యుద్ధ భూమి చూసి యొకచొ యాగె
శబ్ద మొకటి వినియు జంబుకమ్ము బెదిరె 
తిరిగి పోద మనుచు తలచె నక్క! 38


తాత్పర్యము



ఆటవెలది


ఒక్క నిమిష మాగి యోచించె యిటులను 
పారి పోగ రాదు భయమున యిటు
శబ్ద మూల మేమి చేసెద రెవరిట  
కలవర పడ తగదు కనుల గనక! 39


తాత్పర్యము


ఆటవెలది

శబ్ద మూల మేమి శోధన సెయనగు 
చేసె దెవరు యాగి చూడ నగును 
గుబులు సంతసమ్ము కలుగ కారణమును 
యెరుగ నోపు నంచు యార్య సూక్తి! 40


తాత్పర్యము


దమనకుడు శబ్దమునకు భయపడిన జంబూకము కధ చెప్ప దొడగెను. "రాజా! ఒకానొక జంబూకము శబ్ద భయము నుండి తనను తాను ఎలా సమాధాన పరచుకొనెనో చెప్పెద వినుము. ఆకలి గొన్న ఒక జంబూకము ఆహరము కొరకు వెదకుచు యొక యుద్ధ భూమి చూసి యొకచో యాగెను. అంతట ఒక శబ్దము విని బెదిరి వెనుకకు తిరిగి పోదమన్న యోచన చేసెను. కాని, మరల ఒక నిమిష మాగి నక్క ఇటుల యోచించెను. భయపడి పారి పోయి ప్రయోజనము లేదు. ఈ శబ్దము ఎటనుంచి వచ్చెను, ఈ యుద్ధ భూమిలో ఈ శబ్దము చేసెడి వారెవరు? స్వయంగా కనులతో చూసి తెలిసికొని కాని వెనుకకు మరల రాదు. శబ్ద మూలమేమో పూర్తిగా శోధించ వలెను. శబ్దము ఎవరు చేసిరో యాగి చూడ వలెను. దుఃఖమునకు, సంతసమునకు గల కారణము తెలిసికొనవలెనని ఆర్యులు నుడివిరి కదా? 


English:

Damanaka started telling the story of a fox that feared a sound. "Oh! King! I will tell you the story of a fox that was afraid of an unknown sound and secured itself from the fear. Once upon a time, a fox that was hungry landed in a war field while searching for food. As he was standing there he heard a huge sound. Initially he ws very afraid and wanted to go back. But on second thought he wanted to know the origin of the sound and who made it. :It is apt to go deep into the reasons for our agony and happiness; so said elders." thought the fox.


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SATYAMEVA JAYATHE